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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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Diversae avium species

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • Diversae avium species
  • Description

    Title, "Diversae AVIUM SPECIES...", with two eagles and a vulture holding up a sheep skin.

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1684-1696 (c.)
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 137 millimetres
    • Width: 175 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered with the title: "Diversae AVIUM SPECIES. Studiosissime Ad Vitam delineatae, Per Fra. Barlow: Insignissimum Anglum Pictorem. CURA AC Sumptibus P. Tempest, Delineatae, Incisae, ac Typis Editae. MDCLXLVI.[sic]"
  • Curator's comments

    For information on the volume see 1997,0928.14.1

    cf. 1878,0713.4733, which is a later impression with new inscription

    See commentary under New Hollstein (Hollar) 1334-1339 for the different series of birds after Francis Barlow, for which the composition and chronology is not established.

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  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number


Title, "Diversae AVIUM SPECIES...", with two eagles and a vulture holding up a sheep skin.  Etching


Title, "Diversae AVIUM SPECIES...", with two eagles and a vulture holding up a sheep skin. Etching

Image description



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Object reference number: PPA259668

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