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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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Four Seasons

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • Four Seasons
  • Description

    A roundel depicting summer, with a large willow tree by water in the foreground, with three figures resting in the shade while another group of figures make hay in the background; near to the field is a cart full of hay.

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1650-1677
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 110 millimetres
    • Width: 110 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered with the address: "A Paris chez Pierre Mariette Rue St. Iacques A lEsperance avec Priuilege du Roy"; signed "Inventé et graué par Perelle"; titled "LESTE"
  • Curator's comments

    For information on the volume see 1997,0928.14.1

  • Location


  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: PPA259634

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