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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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credit card / specimen

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    HSBC 'Amanah' 'Gold' Visa Card specimen.(obverse) Gold background with band of red geometric patterns overprinted across centre. Bank name, logo (red and white rhombus) and account type at top. Visa logo at bottom left.
    (reverse) Magnetic strip and signature panel horizontally. Visa hologram (dove in flight) at left.


  • Producer name

  • Authority

  • Date

    • 2009
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Width: 85 millimetres
    • Height: 45 millimetres
  • Curator's comments

    This Visa card operates under Shari‘a compliance, where no interest or riba can be charged. With the rise of new economies in Asia and the Middle East, new financial systems and products were developed to agree with the laws of Islam.

  • Bibliography

    • MacGregor 2010 99 bibliographic details
  • Exhibition history


    2016-2017, Sep-Jan, Australia, National Museum of Australia, Canberra, A History of the World in 100 Objects PROMISED
    2016, 20 Feb -18 Jun, Australia, Western Australian Museum, Perth, A History of the World in 100 Objects PROMISED
    2015-2016, Oct-Jan, Japan, Kobe City Museum, A History of the World in 100 Objects PROMISED
    2015, Jul - Oct, Japan, Kyushu National Museum, Fukuoka, A History of the World in 100 Objects PROMISED
    2015, 18 Apr - Jul, Japan, Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, A History of the World in 100 Objects PROMISED
    2014-2015, 13 Dec-15 Mar, Taiwan, National Palace Museum, Taipei, A History of the World in 100 Objects PROMISED
    2014, 3 Mar - 10 Jun, Abu Dhabi, TDIC, A History of the World in 100 Objects
    2010-2011, London, BM/BBC, 'A History of the World in 100 Objects'

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Coins & Medals

  • Registration number


  • Banknote serial number

    • 1234

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Object reference number: CBA250728

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