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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Plate 3 of a set of four country scenes after Santi Pacini: a country dance, with musicians playing on the podium of a ruined temple. 1776 Etching and engraving

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1776
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 439 millimetres
    • Width: 326 millimetres (platemark)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered with producer names 'Santi Pacini dip.' and 'Fabio Berardi scul.1776 appo Wagner Vena C.P.E.S.'. With four lines of verse in two columns, and 'No.3'.
  • Curator's comments

    For the set of four see 1943,0709.75 to 78. The set is uniform, but a late edition, printed on wove paper.

  • Location

    Italian Masters Portfolio

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: PPA245264

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