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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Drawing; profile portrait of Charles Stuart Ramsay, head and neck, wearing glasses. 1954.

  • Producer name

  • Date

    • 1954
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 54 centimetres
    • Width: 47.5 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

        label with drawing
      • Inscription Content

        (Encountered by chance in Tonga.) 1954. N. Sandwith.
      • Inscription Comment

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

        in drawing
      • Inscription Content

        N. S
        Mr Charles Stuart Ramsay. Arrived 1912 from N.Z. (1909 from U.K.) Went to war 1915 - France (suffered from gas) (v back to U.K.) Returned Tonga 1920 Niuafoau 1921 -32 - as agent for M. Hedstrom. Three other Europeans. Once a month Mr Ramsay swam out for the mail (as had been burnt when shot ashore by rocket. Wrapped the mail up & tied it to a stick as many boys as were required to carry a parcel each. Inward mail was towed in in a 40lb biscuit tin. Discontinued in 1931 because one boy was taken by a shark - then the mail was land cont. overleaf
      • Inscription Comment

        black ink, handwritten
  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Miss Noelle Sandwith donated a collection of 65 drawings, eleven framed paintings, a collection of prints and negatives, and a manuscript entitled "Wide-eyed in Tonga".

  • Department

    Africa, Oceania & the Americas

  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • 47 (Sandwith reference number)
Drawing; profile portrait of Charles Stuart Ramsay, head and neck, wearing glasses. 1954.



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Object reference number: EOC110282

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