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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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Manshu gurafu (Manchuria Graph)

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • Manshu gurafu (Manchuria Graph)
  • Description

    Photography magazine, first edition. Vol. 5, nos. 1, 2, 4-11, & vol. 6, no. 1. 12 issues. Numerous photographic illustrations. Japanese text. Folio. Original printed wrappers.

  • Producer name

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1936-1937
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Curator's comments

    Fuchikami Hakuyo left Japan in 1928 to move to Manchuria, where he worked for the public-relations department of the South-Manchuria Railway Company. He moved with the times embracing both modernist and photo-journalistic trends. In 1932 he founded the Manchuria Photographic Artists Association and in the following year began to work as editor for the Manchu Graph. The present issues coincide with the outbreak of hostilities in Northern China that eventually let to a full-blown invasion. Consequently the tone of the magazine changed from modern artistic to modern militarist. No copy in OCLC. (Titus Boeder, 4/2007)


  • Bibliography

    • Boeder 2007 121 bibliographic details
  • Exhibition history

    2012 Feb – Jun, BM Japanese Galleries, ‘Japan from Prehistory to the Present’ (Vol.1)

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • PB.378 (Photobook number)

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Object reference number: JCF20484

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