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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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Irf 1

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • Irf 1
  • Description

    Photobook, one volume, first and only edition. Several photographic illustrations. Japanese text. Square 8vo. Original decorated wrappers.

  • Producer name

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1940
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Curator's comments

    This is the only publication by the famous avant-garde society in Fukuoka Irf, founded in Fukuoka in 1939 by four local photographers, namely Takahashi Wataru (1900-1944), Tanaka Zentoku (1903-1963), Konomi Giichiro (1896-1951), and Hisano Hisashi (1903-1946), the craftsman Koike Iwataro (1913-1992), and the Yoga painter Ito Kenshi (1907-1978). The name of the society is a charming pun on the Japanese word for 'old' furui written back to front, thus implying the opposite. The present is the club's only publication produced on the occasion of visits by Sakata Minoru, Koishi Kiyoshi, and Shimozato Yoshio to the club. This society was clearly not in line with the prevailing spirit of the times and would have been disbanded shortly after the publication in May 1940. No copy in OCLC. (Titus Boeder, 4/2007)


  • Bibliography

    • Boeder 2007 83 bibliographic details
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • PB.340 (Photobook number)

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Object reference number: JCF20442

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