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bowl

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    PDF,A.739

  • Description

    Porcelain bowl. Decorated in green and yellow on-biscuit enamels. Inside, incised dragon among clouds in green against yellow ground. Outside, incised and painted bamboo, prunus and pine, each forming character: fu (happiness), lu (emolument) and shou (longevity). Colourless glaze on base, with mark.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1522-1566
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 86 millimetres
    • Diameter: 175 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        mark
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Comment

        Six-character Jiajing mark in underglaze blue on the base
  • Curator's comments

    Published PDF date : Ming Jiajing 1522-1566Room 95 label text:

    PDF A739

    Bowl with the Three Friends of Winter


    This bowl is decorated in green and yellow enamels. Inside there is an incised dragon among clouds in green against a yellow ground. Outside, incised and painted bamboo, prunus and pine, each forming character: 福 (fu ‘happiness’), 錄 (lu ‘emolument’) and 壽 (shou ‘longevity’). The base has a six-character underglaze cobalt-blue Jiajing reign mark. Chinese people read this design of pine, bamboo and prunus as the 歲寒三友 (suihan sanyou ‘The Three Friends of Winter’). Pine trees are evergreen and grow for a long time, representing stability and longevity; bamboo, another evergreen, symbolises the educated Confucian, an ideal gentleman-scholar who should be like a bamboo stem, bending not breaking in adverse conditions; and the plum stands for purity as well as leadership, as it is the first flower to bloom in China in the New Year.


    Porcelain with incised decoration, underglaze cobalt-blue mark and green and yellow enamels
    Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province 江西省, 景德鎮
    Ming dynasty, Jiajing mark and period, AD 1522–1566

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Medley 1978 p.25, no.54 bibliographic details
    • Feng 2006 p.58, no.A739 bibliographic details
  • Location

    G95/case25/sh6

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    PDF,A.739

Porcelain bowl. Decorated in green and yellow on-biscuit enamels. Inside, incised dragon among clouds in green against yellow ground. Outside, incised and painted bamboo, prunus and pine, each forming character: fu (happiness), lu (emolument) and shou (longevity). Colourless glaze on base, with mark.

Copyright SOAS All rights reserved

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