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For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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bottle

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    PDF,A.816

  • Description

    Porcelain bottle with pear-shaped body and two dragon handles. Fine white glassy porcelain delicately painted in mixed enamels in 'Gu Yue' style with rock, roses and other flowers. Inscription on neck. Pair with PDFA817.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1736-1795 (?)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 98 millimetres
    • Diameter: 55 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Seal
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Content

        佳麗; 四時;長春
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Jiali; sishi; changchun
      • Inscription Translation

        Beautiful; four seasons; prolonged spring
      • Inscription Comment

        On the necks, ten character inscriptions and three seals. The seals on A816 read 'jiali', 'sishi' and 'changchun' (beautiful, four seasons and prolonged spring respectively)
  • Curator's comments

    Published PDF date : Qing Qianlong 1736-1795Room 95 label text:

    PDF A816

    Vase with a poem


    This miniature vase has a four-character Qianlong mark in blue enamel on the base. Potters at the imperial kilns in Jingdezhen made the porcelain, but painters decorated them in the Imperial Palace, Beijing, and fired them for a second time at a lower temperature. Formerly scholars called this type of top quality porcelains painted in the palace古月軒器 (Guyuexuan qi ‘Pavilion of the Ancient Moon wares’). Although the guyue seal appears on many pieces, these are now known as琺瑯彩(falangcai ‘foreign colours’) wares as the colours are believed to have been introduced to China through foreign Jesuits some of whom worked in the Forbidden City.


    Porcelain with falangcai-type enamels
    Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province 江西省, 景德鎮
    Qing dynasty, Qianlong blue enamel mark and period, about AD 1736–1795

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Lady David 1973 p.33, no.A816 bibliographic details
    • Scott 1991 p.49, no.A816 bibliographic details
    • Pierson & Barnes 2002 p.85, no.72 (and base) (pair with A817) bibliographic details
  • Location

    G95/case33/sh7

  • Acquisition name

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    PDF,A.816

Porcelain bottle with pear-shaped body and two dragon handles. Fine white glassy porcelain delicately painted in mixed enamels in 'Gu Yue' style with rock, roses and other flowers. Inscription on neck. Pair with PDFA817.

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Object reference number: RRC39734

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