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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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jar

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    PDF,A.200

  • Description

    Yue stoneware jar with two simple lugs on each side of shoulder, and two sprig-moulded seated Buddha figures in between, applied over rouletted diaper band. The jar has a fine grey body covered on the interior and over two thirds of the exterior with thin olive green glaze.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 3rdC-4thC
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 126 millimetres
    • Diameter: 172 millimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Published PDF date : Western Jin dynasty 3rd-early 4th centuryRoom 95 label text:

    PDF A200

    Jar with two seated Buddha figures


    This jar carries a very early Chinese representation of the Buddha on either side of the jar. Buddhism was introduced to China from India and by the first century AD was rapidly gaining popularity among the Chinese people who readily adapted the teachings of Buddha to sit alongside their own indigenous religions and philosophies. Stonewares made in this region of northern Zhejiang province are characterised by a dark clay body and thin yellowish-green glaze. Potters achieved this glaze colour by using a mixture of wood ash and clay. They then fired these wares in ‘dragon kilns’ which were built following the natural undulating curves of the hillsides.


    Stoneware with incised and applied decoration and pale olive-green glaze
    Yue ware 越窯
    Shanglinhu kilns, Zhejiang province 浙江省, 上林湖窯
    Western Jin dynasty, AD 265–316

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Medley 1975 Monochrome pl. 2 bibliographic details
    • Pierson 2001 p. 81, no. 78 bibliographic details
    • Pierson 2002 p.31, no.1 bibliographic details
    • Scott 1989B p.34, no.14 bibliographic details
    • Medley 1974 p.5, no.A200 bibliographic details
    • Pierson 1997 p.53, no. A200 bibliographic details
    • Medley 1977 p.9, no.1 bibliographic details
  • Location

    G95/case2/sh1

  • Acquisition name

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    PDF,A.200

Yue stoneware jar with two simple lugs on each side of shoulder, and two sprig-moulded seated Buddha figures in between, applied over rouletted diaper band. Fine grey body covered inside and over two thirds of outside with thin olive green glaze.

Yue stoneware jar with two simple lugs on each side of shoulder, and two sprig-moulded seated Buddha figures in between, applied over rouletted diaper band. Fine grey body covered inside and over two thirds of outside with thin olive green glaze.

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Object reference number: RRC39250

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