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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Jizhou stoneware bowl. Tortoise-shell effect.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1127-1279
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 53 millimetres
    • Diameter: 152 millimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Published PDF date : Song 12th-13thCRoom 95 label text:

    PDF 305

    Tea bowl with ‘tortoise-shell’ glaze

    This tea bowl is covered with an iron-brown glaze. The tortoise-shell pattern is achieved by adding concentrated iron (like iron filings) to the glaze.

    Stoneware with iron brown glaze and iron-rich flecks
    Jizhou ware 吉州窯
    Jizhou, Jiangxi province江西省, 吉州區
    Southern Song dynasty, AD 1127–1279


  • Bibliography

    • Medley 1975 Monochrome pl. 46 bibliographic details
    • Medley 1980 p.35, no.116 bibliographic details
  • Location


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Jizhou stoneware bowl. Tortoise-shell effect.

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Object reference number: RRC38722

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