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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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head-rest

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    PDF.318

  • Description

    Cizhou-type stoneware leaf-shaped mortuary head-rest. The head-rest has brown slip incised with a phoenix on a scroll background to reveal white slip. There is an inscription on the back and the base.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1912-1949
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 168 millimetres
    • Width: 309 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        on underside glazed part
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Content

        至和三年
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Zhihe san nian
      • Inscription Translation

        ‘Third year of Zhehe [AD 1056]
      • Inscription Comment

        apocryphal
      • Inscription Type

        maker's mark
      • Inscription Position

        on unglazed base
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Content

        張傢
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Zhang jia
      • Inscription Comment

        impressed into clay body
  • Curator's comments

    Published PDF date : AD 1056Room 95 label text:

    PDF 318

    Cizhou-type head rest with a phoenix


    This head rest is made in the form of a cizhou-type stoneware mortuary head-rest. It has brown slip incised through to white slip to reveal a pattern of a phoenix on a scroll background. There is a dated inscription on the back and the base reading 至和三年 (Zhihe san nian 'Third year of Zhihe [AD1056]').


    Stoneware incised and with brown and cream slip
    Cizhou-type ware 磁州窯
    China 中國
    Republican period, AD 1912–1949

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Medley 1980 p.34, no.111 bibliographic details
    • Pierson 2002 p.45, no.23 bibliographic details
    • Scott 1989A p.50, no.35 bibliographic details
    • Riddell 1979 p.53, no.24 bibliographic details
  • Location

    G95/case12/sh1

  • Acquisition name

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    PDF.318

Cizhou-type stoneware leaf-shaped mortuary head-rest. The head-rest has brown slip incised with a phoenix on a scroll background to reveal white slip. There is an inscription on the back and the base.

Copyright SOAS All rights reserved

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Object reference number: RRC38735

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