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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Porcelain bowl. There is 'anhua' slip decoration of Buddhist symbols.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 18thC
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 6 centimetres
    • Diameter: 20 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        reign mark
      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Content

      • Inscription Transliteration

        Da Ming Yongle nian zhi
      • Inscription Translation

        Made in the Ming dynasty, Yongle reign
      • Inscription Comment

        Yongle mark
  • Curator's comments

    Room 95 label text:

    PDF 444

    Bowl with Buddhist symbols

    This extensively restored bowl is decorated inside with a slip anhua (hidden decoration) design of Buddhist symbols.

    Porcelain with anhua decoration and transparent glaze
    Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province 江西省, 景德鎮
    Qing dynasty, about AD 1700–1800


  • Location


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    9 April 2009

    Treatment proposal

    Dismantle, clean, re-bond, fill as required


    Object has been broken into many pieces and bonded. Adhesive from the restoration has yellowed as have the epoxy fills in areas of loss.

    Treatment details

    The object was cleaned with deionised water and a few drops of Synperonic N (non ionic detergent, nonylphenol ethylene oxide condensate), using cotton wool. After cleaning, surface rinsed with deionised water on cotton wool. Surface wiped with dry lab tissue to remove any remaining water. The adhesive was tested for solubility and results showed that dichloromethane (DCM) was the appropriate solvent. The bowl, supported with tissue, was placed in a desiccator with dichloromethane for approximately 3 days after which time the majority of bonds has failed. Smaller joins were dismantled with Nitromors water soluble (dichloromethane, sodium hydroxide,cellulose). It was necessary to apply Nitromors to some break edges to enable the removal of adhesive. Fragments were cleaned under cold water followed by steam cleaning to remove adhesive and dirt. Fragments were left to dry for one week. The fragments were reassembled using masking tape to secure. This was carried out under magnification to ensure exact alignment. Fynebond (epoxy resin) was applied to all breaks by capillary action. Excess adhesive was removed before fully cured with acetone on cotton wool swabs and a scalpel. This was repeated after curing to ensure no excess adhesive remained. Areas of loss were filled with Fynebond bulked with Aerosil 805 (fumed silica) and coloured with dry artist pigments.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Department


  • Registration number


Object before conservation 2009

Object before conservation 2009

Image description



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Object reference number: RRC38792

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