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jar / cover

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    PDF.683

  • Description

    Porcelain globular jar. There is a scrolling flower band of lotus, peony, chrysanthemum, camellia and hibiscus, above a band of overlapping lotus petals in underglaze cobalt blue on the exterior, and a lotus roundel on the lid. There is a mark on the base.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1426-1435
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 188 millimetres
    • Diameter: 219 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        reign mark
      • Inscription Position

        on base
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Content

        大明宣德年製
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Da Ming Xuande nian zhi
      • Inscription Translation

        Made in the Ming dynasty, Xuande reign
      • Inscription Comment

        in double circle in underglaze blue on the base
  • Curator's comments

    Published PDF date : Ming XuandeRoom 95 label text:

    PDF 683

    Gaibo, covered jar with flowers


    This 蓋缽 (gaibo ‘covered jar’) is another porcelain form invented in the Xuande era but it originates in Islamic metal work. Iranian metalworkers made brass vessels of this form inlaid with silver, copper and gold earlier in the fourteenth century (see Gallery 34). Craftsmen travelled freely to the Chinese court from Iran when it was part of the Mongol empire during the Yuan dynasty (AD1279–1368). The covered jar is painted around the body and cover with a Chinese design of composite flower scroll with lotus, peony, chrysanthemum, camellia and hibiscus. Archaeologists have unearthed vessels of this form at the imperial kilns at Jingdezhen from the Xuande strata with a range of different decorative schemes including copper-red glaze.


    Porcelain with underglaze cobalt-blue decoration
    Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province 江西省, 景德鎮
    Ming dynasty, Xuande mark and period, AD 1426–35

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  • Bibliography

    • Medley 1975 Colour pl. 45 and p. 311 bibliographic details
    • Hobson 1934 p. 122, pl. CXXI bibliographic details
    • Medley 1976 p.31, no.683, pl.IV bibliographic details
    • Pierson 2004 p.47, no.683 bibliographic details
    • Pierson 2004A pp 44-45, no.14 bibliographic details
  • Location

    G95/case59-4

  • Acquisition name

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    PDF.683

Globular porcelain jar with domed cover decorated in underglaze cobalt blue. Scrolling flower band of lotus, peony, chrysanthemum, camellia and hibiscus, above a band of overlapping lotus petals. Lid with lotus roundel. Mark on base.

Globular porcelain jar with domed cover decorated in underglaze cobalt blue. Scrolling flower band of lotus, peony, chrysanthemum, camellia and hibiscus, above a band of overlapping lotus petals. Lid with lotus roundel. Mark on base.

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Object reference number: RRC39017

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