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Lennard Cup

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    PDF.695

  • Title (object)

    • Lennard Cup
  • Description

    Porcelain bowl with silver-gilt mount and cover. The bowl is known as the Lennard Cup. There are incised lotus scrolls on the exterior, and a hare in reverse against a landscape in underglaze cobalt blue on the interior. There is a mark on the base.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1522-1566 (porcelain)
    • 1569 (1560-1570 silver mounts made in London)
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 12 centimetres
    • Height: 16 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        On base
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Content

        長命 富貴
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Long life riches and honours'.
      • Inscription Comment

        On base of the bowl, inscription 'changming fugui' (long life riches and honours).
  • Curator's comments

    Published PDF date : Ming 16th centuryRoom 95 label text:

    PDF 695

    The ‘Lennard Cup’


    This bowl, mounted in silver-gilt as a cup, is the earliest known blue-and-white porcelain with a dated mount. It belonged to an Englishman, Samuel Lennard (AD 1553-1618). The cover and foot carry the monogram FR, the mark of a goldsmith who also made church plate. The crowned leopard's head shows it was made in London and the lion passant is the standard mark for sterling silver (92.5% fine); and the letter 'm' in a shield is the wardens’ mark, denoting the year AD 1569-70, and allocating the responsibility for the purity of the silver to the assay master for that year.


    Porcelain with incised and underglaze cobalt-blue decoration, and silver-gilt mounts
    Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province 江西省, 景德鎮; mounted in London
    Ming dynasty, about 1522–66, mounts dated AD 1569–70

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Medley 1975 Monochrome pl. 139 bibliographic details
    • Hobson 1934 p. 154, pl. CLIII bibliographic details
    • Bate & Thornton 2012 p. 31, fig. 20; p. 286 bibliographic details
    • Scott 1989A p.106, Fig.1 bibliographic details
    • Medley 1976 p.33, no.695, pl.IV bibliographic details
    • Scott & Kerr 1994 p.37, no.78 bibliographic details
    • Pierson 2004 p.51, no.695, colour p.41 bibliographic details
    • Pierson 2002 p.71, no.58 bibliographic details
    • Scott 1989B p.84, no.76 bibliographic details
  • Location

    G95/case20/sh4

  • Exhibition history

    2012 19 Jul-25 Nov, London, BM Shakespeare: Staging the World

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition notes

    R. L. Hobson, 1934 records: The plate-marks stamped on the mount on the lip are: the initials FR in monogram, mark of a goldsmith whose work has survived in a few specimens on Church plate; the leopard's head erased and the lion passant which are London hall-marks; and the black letter 'm' in a shield, the date-letter of the year A.D. 1569-1570. They are repeated on the cover and the foot. The cup was the property of Sir Stephen Lennard, Bart., and is said to have descended from Samuel Lennard (AD1553-1618), the founder of the West Wickham branch of the family. It appears to be the earliest specimen of blue and white porcelain with a dated mount at present known. Exhibited at the Reign of Queen Elizabeth Loan Exhibition, 1933. PDF card: It was the property of Sir Stephen Lennard, Bart., and is said to have descended from Samuel Lennard (AD 1553-1618).

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    PDF.695

Porcelain bowl with gilt silver mounts including a stepped, domed lid and tall finial, two baroque filigreed handles and a pleated foot. Underglaze blue inside with eagle perched on a rock and waves in a roundel in the centre. Inscription on base.

Porcelain bowl with gilt silver mounts including a stepped, domed lid and tall finial, two baroque filigreed handles and a pleated foot. Underglaze blue inside with eagle perched on a rock and waves in a roundel in the centre. Inscription on base.

Image description

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Object reference number: RRC39028

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