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vase

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    PDF.5

  • Description

    Guan-type stoneware vase of archaic bronze fang hu form with tubular handles at the neck and a slightly flaring foot. The vase has thick opaque grey glaze with wide, irregular crackle. There is an inscription on the base.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1723-1735
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 355 millimetres
    • Width: 225 millimetres
    • Depth: 170 millimetres
    • Width: 165 millimetres (base)
    • Depth: 129 millimetres (base)
    • Width: 139 millimetres (mouth)
    • Depth: 101 millimetres (mouth)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        base
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Content

        官窑名始宋南渡
        後苑製放政和故
        成章提擧惟御用
        臣庶弗敢過而顧
        即今六百有餘載
        晨星一二猶或遇
        鬻從市廟供人玩
        誰誠當年法令固
        不啻斯矣堪慨歎
        即是殷周相鑒處
        乾隆丁酉春御題
      • Inscription Transliteration

        Guanyao ming shi Song nandu
        hou yuan zhi fang Zheng He gu
        Chengzhang tiju wei yu yong
        chenshu fugan guo er gu
        ji jin liubai youyu zai
        chenxing yi er you huo yu
        yu cong shimiao gong ren wan
        shui cheng dangnian fa jin'gu
        buchi si yi kan kaitan
        ji shi Yin Zhou xiangjian chu
        Qianlong dingyou yuti
      • Inscription Translation

        Guan ware first gained renown when the Song court moved to the South. The ‘Ware of the Rear Garden’ was modelled on the earlier ware of Zheng He.
        (Shao) Chengzhang directed its manufacture solely for Imperial use, and neither ministers nor common people dared to pass or gaze upon them. More than six hundred years have passed since that time, yet one or two Guan ware vessels, as rare as stars at dawn, may still be found. Who knows if the laws of former years survive today? Alas, how sad that this should be their plight – A reflection of the fate of the House of Yin in the Zhou dynasty. Composed by the Qianlong Emperor in the Spring of the cyclical year dingyou (AD 1777)
      • Inscription Comment

        This is found in: 集部/別集類/清代/御製詩集/四集卷四十一
      • Inscription Type

        seal
      • Inscription Position

        base
      • Inscription Language

        Chinese
      • Inscription Content

        德充符
      • Inscription Transliteration

        de chongfu
      • Inscription Translation

        The sign of fullness of power
  • Curator's comments

    Published PDF date : Southern Song 12th-13thCRoom 95 label text:

    PDF 5

    Hu-shaped vase with guan-type celadon glaze


    The Yongzheng emperor is known for his fascination with antiques. He had a fabulous collection of Chinese bronzes, jades, ceramics, painting and calligraphies and decorative art objects. This vase combines the shape of an ancient bronze with the glaze of Song dynasty guan wares, recreated on a porcelain body. This combination of an interest in the antique and a desire to experiment and create something new is a fundamental part of Chinese culture. The base has an incised and gilded inscription which reads: 官窑名始宋南渡, 後苑製放政和故, 成章提擧惟御用, 臣庶弗敢過而顧, 即今六百有餘載, 晨星一二猶或遇, 鬻從市廟供人玩, 誰誠當年法令固, 不啻斯矣堪慨歎, 即是殷周相鑒處 乾隆丁酉春御題 [Guanyao ming shi Song nandu, hou yuan zhi fang Zheng He gu, Cheng zhang tiju wei yu yong, chenshu fugan guo er gu, ji jin liubai youyu zai, chenxing yi er you huo yu, yu cong shimiao gong ren wan, shui cheng dangnian faling gu, buchi si yi kan kaitan, ji shi Yin Zhou xiangjian chu
    Qianlong dingyou yuti 'Guan ware first gained renown when the Song court moved to the South. The ‘Ware of the Rear Garden’ was modelled on the earlier ware of Zheng He. (Shao) Chengzhang directed its manufacture solely for Imperial use, and neither ministers nor common people dared to pass or gaze upon them. More than six hundred years have passed since that time, yet one or two Guan ware vessels, as rare as stars at dawn, may still be found. Who knows if the laws of former years survive today? Alas, how sad that this should be their plight – A reflection of the fate of the House of Yin in the Zhou dynasty. This is a rhyming stanza of ten seven-character lines. Composed by the Qianlong Emperor in the fourth month of the cyclical year dingyou [AD 1777]. A seal at the end of inscription reads: 德充符 (de chongfu ‘The sign of fullness of power’).


    Porcelain with celadon glaze and irregular crackle and incised and gilded inscription
    Guan-type ware
    Jingdezhen, Jiangxi province江西省, 景德鎮
    Qing dynasty, Yongzheng period, AD 1723–1735

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Medley 1975 Monochrome pl. 34 bibliographic details
    • Hobson 1934 p. 8, pl. VII bibliographic details
    • Pierson & Barnes 2002 p.16, no.7 (and base) bibliographic details
    • Pierson 1999 p.19, no.5 bibliographic details
    • Yorke Hardy 1953 pp 2-3, no.5, pl.I bibliographic details
  • Location

    G95/case48/sh1

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition notes

    R. L. Hobson, 1934 records: 'From the Imperial Collection, Peking.'

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    PDF.5

Guan-type stoneware vase of archaic bronze fang hu form with tubular handles at the neck and a slightly flaring foot.  The vase has thick opaque grey glaze with wide, irregular crackle.  There is an inscription on the base.

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