What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by



  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Guan stoneware vase of ancient bronze zong form with a square body, and short cylindrical neck and foot. The vase has thick, translucent grey-green glaze with a wide crackle stained grey and light brown in some areas.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1127-1279
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 226 millimetres
    • Width: 137 millimetres
    • Depth: 136 millimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Published PDF date : Southern Song 12th-13thCRoom 95 label text:

    PDF 99

    Jar in the form of a cong

    In the Song dynasty, educated men revived interest in antiques and excavated artefacts from the past. Scholars published manuals illustrating these historical jades and bronzes. Contemporary Song craftsmen reproduced their shapes in other materials in response to commissions from wealthy clients. The new users adapted the functions of the antique objects. Archaeologists have excavated archaistic cong 琮 made in a variety of materials in several Southern Song dynasty hoards. These include a bronze cong at the Pengzhou 彭州 hoard, and carved stone and celadon examples in the Jinyucun 金魚村 hoard of Suining county 遂寧縣, both in Sichuan province.

    Stoneware with celadon glaze
    Guan ware 官窯
    Hangzhou, Zhejiang province 浙江省, 杭州市
    Southern Song dynasty, AD1127–1279


  • Bibliography

    • Yorke Hardy 1953 p.25, no.99 bibliographic details
    • Pierson 1999 p.50, no.99, ill. p.40 bibliographic details
    • Krahl & Harrison-Hall 2009 pp 42-43, no.16 (p.94, base) bibliographic details
  • Location


  • Acquisition name

  • Department


  • Registration number



If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: RRC38518

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 


Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help