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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Ding porcelain bowl with shallow sides. Creamy white. There is an inscription in the centre.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 11thC
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 44 millimetres
    • Diameter: 189 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Content

      • Inscription Transliteration

        Dingzhou gongyong
      • Inscription Translation

        ‘Ding prefecture, for general use‘.
  • Curator's comments

    Published PDF date : Northern Song 10th-11th centuryRoom 95 label text:

    PDF 172

    Bowl with inscription

    This bowl has a four character inscription stamped in the centre which reads 定州公用 (Dingzhou gongyong ‘Dingzhou [Ding prefecture] for general use‘). This dish is much coarser than Ding wares are usually.

    Stoneware with transparent glaze
    Ding-type ware定窯
    Hebei province 河北省
    Northern Song dynasty, about AD 1000–1100


  • Bibliography

    • Medley 1980 p.10, no.7, pl. II bibliographic details
    • Hobson 1934 p.92, pl. XCI (for reverse see p. 93, pl. XCII) bibliographic details
  • Location


  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition notes

    PDF Card: Purchased by Karlbeck for sale to Sir Percival David.

  • Department


  • Registration number


Ding porcelain bowl with shallow sides. Creamy white. There is an inscription in the centre.

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Object reference number: RRC38590

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