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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Xing stoneware bowl, constructed in three pieces. The bowl has blue-toned transparent glaze There are twenty applied bosses and a design of leaves on the body. There are spur marks on the base.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 10thC
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 123 millimetres
    • Diameter: 265 millimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Published PDF date : Nortehrn Song 10th-12thCRoom 95 label text:

    PDF 182

    Drum-shaped bowl

    Buddhism, which originated in India, flourished in China during the fourth and fifth centuries and its spread generated a new philosophy and a need for new equipment for its ceremonies. These ritual objects were formed in shapes of Indian origin or, as in this case, decorated with motifs originating in India. Here, overlapping lotus petals are carved around the sides of the bowl. Buddhist devotees may have used this bowl as an alms bowl or for setting water on an altar. Xing ware can be hard to distinguish from Ding ware but generally it has a colder, bluer tone through its transparent glaze.

    Stoneware with applied details, incised decoration and transparent glaze
    Xing ware 邢窯
    Neiqiu or Lincheng county, Hebei province 河北省, 内丘縣或者臨城縣
    Tang dynasty, about AD 800–907


  • Bibliography

    • Medley 1980 p.13, no.17 bibliographic details
    • Krahl & Harrison-Hall 2009 p.21, no.1 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G95/dc52/s1

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    1 April 2009

    Reason for treatment

    Permanent Exhibition

    Treatment proposal

    Fill chips on rim.


    The object is stable. It presents three chips on the rim. The surface of the chipped area is dirty, some of the dirt has penetrated under the glaze.

    Treatment details

    Steam cleaned chips twice with de-ionised water to remove ingrained dirt, dried with paper towels. Allowed to dry fully for one week under a cover to prevent dirt and dust contaminating the clean chips.

    The chips were gap filled with Fynebond epoxy resin which was bulked heavily with Aerosil 805 fumed silica and coloured with artists' dry ground pigments. The resin was applied with a metal spatula, a core colour was applied before applying the surface colour. The resin was allowed to cure fully for 2 days, then softened with Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone) on a cotton wool swabs and shaved back to the correct size. Resin was allowed to cure for a further 2 days before being polished with Micromesh fine abrasive cloth (silicon carbide/aluminium oxide) grades 2400, 3200, 3600, 4000, 6000, 8000 and 12000. The fills were retouched with Golden acrylic paints and Golden porcelain restoration glaze then polished again.

    The object was further cleaned with distilled water and a few drops of Synperonic X, using cotton wool. After cleaning, surface rinsed with distilled water on cotton wool.Surface wiped with a dry Kleenex tissue to remove any remaining distilled water.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition notes

    Medley 1980 records: From the S. K. Forest Collection, No. 722.

  • Department


  • Registration number


Xing stoneware bowl, constructed in three pieces. The bowl has blue-toned transparent glaze There are twenty applied bosses and a design of leaves on the body. There are spur marks on the base.



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Object reference number: RRC38600

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