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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Title page of the 'Catalogus Plantarum' of the Society of Gardeners of 1730

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1730
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 330 millimetres
    • Width: 170 millimetres (approximate printed area)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        With printed letterpress
  • Curator's comments

    The original titlepage from the broken copy of the book from which 1928,1112.169 to 174 were extracted.

  • Location

    British XVIIIc Unmounted Roy

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    15 January 2009

    Treatment proposal

    Lift prints from album pages. Surface clean. Remove debris - wash if necessary. Some treatment of blackened lead pigment. Repair as necessary. Return to AVG.


    Adhered to album page around edges with bottom right corner left unattached. Tension and slight cockling close to edges due to method of attachment to secondary support. Surface dirt in margins. Edge tears and creases in some cases.

    Treatment details

    Page removed from album then peeled carefully away from verso of print, leaving debris around edges. Surface cleaned in margins of recto using Staedtler plastic eraser. Debris on edges of verso reduced as much as possible with a scalpel and remainder removed using a poultice of Culminal (nonionic cellulose ether). Adhesive residue removed using cotton wool swabs moistened with cold water. Tears and skinned areas repaired and supported as necessary using Japanese paper and wheat starch paste. Humidified over capillary matting and Gore-Tex in a chamber. Pressed between felts. Mounted into a Heritage board window mount and hinged with japanese paper using Culminal paste (non-ionic cellulose ether).

    About these records 

  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Catalogus Plantarum
  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: PPA230988

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