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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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photographic print

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Photograph (black and white); four girls kneeling on the ground, performing a childs dance; they wear cloth wraps around their waists; Tonga.
    Platinum print

  • Producer name

  • Ethnic name

  • Date

    • 1889-1890
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 11.1 centimetres (image)
    • Width: 15.2 centimetres (image)
    • Height: 19 centimetres (mount)
    • Width: 23.4 centimetres (mount)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

        back of mount
      • Inscription Content

        GN 625
      • Inscription Comment

        pencil, handwritten; "3-40" crossed out.
  • Curator's comments

    Related images: Oc,B42 through Oc,B55 all contain Joseph Jackson Lister donation images. The glass negative for this image exists in the BM Pictorial Collection: Oc,G.N.1531.

    Exact image: Oc,B47.14, Oc,B50.28
    Similar image: Oc,B55.9

    Description and producer: information taken from inscriptions on matching image in this collection,one of which reads as follows: "Tonga. Little girls performing the childs dance called 'ito-ito'"


  • Condition

    acid burn on back of mount from print mounted on the front; spotting all over print, likely due to original chemical processing.

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Africa, Oceania & the Americas

  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • 3-40 (photographic series number)
    • G.N. 625 (old glass negative number)
    • Oc-G.N.-1531 (BM glass negative number)
Photograph (black and white); four girls kneeling on the ground, performing a childs dance; they wear cloth wraps around their waists; Tonga.
Platinum print



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Object reference number: EPF101670

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