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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Iron flesh-hook; tanged and two-pronged.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 9thC-10thC
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 57 millimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Part of a large loosely associated group from one site.

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    2 April 1996

    Reason for treatment


    Treatment proposal

    Clean - remove active corrosion. Examine any organic remains. repair flakes and fill gaps where necessary. Consolidate.


    Excavation dirt, corroded, some flakes have detached, other loose flakes. Active iron corrosion.

    Treatment details

    Mechanically cleaned with air-abrasive using Aluminium oxide, No1 powder. Loose flakes reattached using HMG heatproof and waterproof adhesive (cellulose nitrate), thinned with acetone, and applied using pipette. Gaps filled using microballoons (silica or phenol resin) in HMG (cellulose nitrate). Restoration painted using powder pigments in shellac in Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol, methanol). Consolidated using 5% Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) 50/50 in Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone)/Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol) applied using brush. Feb 2000 Spots of active corrosion present. Cleaned mechanically with the air abrasive using aluminium oxide No1 powder. Consolidated using a 2.5% solution of paraloid B72 in 50:50 acetone and industrial methylated spirits.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Found by Mr Wilson amd companions using metal-detectors and shown to the Keeper of Archaeology at Scunthorpe Muesum, K. Leahy who forwarded details to the British Museum.

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


Iron flesh-hook; tanged and two-pronged.



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Object reference number: MCS27465

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