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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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Illustrissimus Princeps Jacobus Dux Ormoniæ

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • Illustrissimus Princeps Jacobus Dux Ormoniæ
  • Description

    Portrait of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormond, head and shoulders in an oval, wearing wig, cravat, robes, chain and George; coat of arms below.

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1675-1685 (c)
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 159 millimetres
    • Width: 102 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Lettered with title and 'D. Loggan ad vivum delin.'
  • Location

    BH/FF10/Portraits British CII P3

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number



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Object reference number: PPA198951

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