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Updated: 14 April 2015
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- The Negociator's
Satire on the political situation in Europe at the outbreak of the War of Austrian Succession, in particular on Robert Walpole's unwillingness to participate. The rulers are described inverses below which are numbered to correspond with their words in speech ballons: 1. Frederick the Great of Prussia dressed as a Hussar and standing on "Silesia" (which he had already occupied); 2. George II sits at the lower end of a see-saw on which Augustus III, King of Poland rises; 3. Louis XV of France holds out a scroll lettered "Pragmatic Sanction" eager for war; 4. the Queen of Spain encourages him, resolved to gain Italian lands, beside her stand her sons, one of whom, Don Carlos, is saying "Corsica" while "Abdicated Theodore" lies on the ground, a beggar holdingout his hat for alms, and the King of Spain, in 17th-century dress stands behind; 5. Cardinal Fleury stands in a walking frame labelled "Doteingness" counsels peace; 6. a portly Walpole stands with one foot over a grave in which lies a coffin labelled "Memento Mori" and a skull and bones; he holds a paper lettered, "Nem. Con." and a string by which he restrains to ships labelled, "Bob'd". 7. a City of London alderman, labelled "Sturdy Beggar" in reference to Walpole's insult in response to the City's opposition to his Excise Bill (1733), seeks "in Petto" (privately) "a Bill in the Parliament for Putting down of fat Men"; 8. a Dutchman stands aside determined only to take a defensive role; the Grand Duke of Tuscany addresses Frederick the Great, while Maria Theresa, already Queen of Bohemia, stands behind lamenting; further to the left, stand Anna Leopoldovna the Regent of Russia with her young son, Czar Ivan VI ("little John"); Sweden and Austria stand behind. Enclosed in a delicate rococo frame with a ribbon at the top adveritising "A brave gallante show", title in a cartouche below and sixteen lines of verse beneath. March 1741
- Published in: London
- (Europe,British Isles,England,London)
- Height: 200 millimetres
- Width: 322 millimetres
Inscription ContentLettered with captions in the image and the title, with sixteen lies of verse in four sections 'First is the King of Pru-a with his Men of Might ... Poor Theodore, and Austria with Sweden the bold.', and 'Tune, London is a fin town ... Geo. Bickham jun Int, sc, March 1741 sold at ye Black-moos [sic] head Exeter Change / Note, read ye Labels as figured'.
Annotated in ink on the recto 'Walpole called the Petitioners against the Excise Bill, sturdy Beggars, coxes walpole. ch. 41. p. 401 / 20, March 1740/1'.
Advertised at 6d in the Daily Post, 20 March 1741, as due for publication the following day at one o'clock, making clear that the "Fat Man" represents Walpole and noting that "several of the Figures never open their Lips upon the Occasion it argues they are introduced only by way of Decoration."
The plate was altered and re-issued as "The Queen of Hungary Stript", BM satires 2512.
Satires British Stephens series
- Representation of: Cardinal André Hercule de Fleury
- Representation of: Theodore Neuhoff, King of Corsica
- Representation of: Maria Theresa, Empress and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia
- Representation of: Ivan VI, Tsar of Russia
- Representation of: Filippo, Duke of Parma and Piacenza
- Representation of: Augustus III, King of Poland (Frederick Augustus II, Elector of Saxony)
- Representation of: Charles III, King of Spain
- Representation of: George II, King of Great Britain
- Representation of: Francis I, Holy Roman emperor
- Representation of: Philip V, King of Spain
- Representation of: Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford
- Representation of: Louis XV, King of France and Navarre
- Representation of: Frederick II, King of Prussia
- Representation of: Elizabeth Farnese, Queen of Spain
- Representation of: Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia
- Associated Event: War of Austrian Succession
- Associated Event: War of Austrian Succession
Prints & Drawings
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Object reference number: PPA198156
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