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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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Akaguramu no Fukiya

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • Akaguramu no Fukiya
  • Description

    Woodblock print. 21/30.

  • Producer name

  • Date

    • 1988
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    12 September 1995

    Treatment proposal

    Mount for Trustees


    Recto - Print face itself in good condition. Margins grubby. Worn and creased deckle edges. Margin crushed in several areas and corners creased. Horizontal and vertical creases generalised overall in margins. Verso - Strike through of printing ink through from recto. Clumped blackened fibres overall on verso from the printing process.

    Treatment details

    Very gentle clean of recto margins with Archival Aids Powder using cotton wool or eraser. Verso margin cleaned with Archival Aids Powder. Loose hairs removed with tweezers. Verso- creases, vulnerable deckle edges and creased corners supported with either Mino 3.0 or Tengujo using Cellofas. Misted with water and pressed between blotting paper.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


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Object reference number: JCF17922

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