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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Iron helmet in numerous fragments, one of which has raised band(s) across (x-ray shows two bands crossing at right angles).

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 6thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Width: 93 millimetres (largest piece)
  • Curator's comments

    For the reconstruction, see: J. Hood, B. Ager, C. Williams, S. Harrington & C. Cartwright, 2012, “Investigating and interpreting an early-to-mid sixth-century Frankish style helmet”, British Museum Technical Research Bulletin, 6 (2012), 83-95.

  • Bibliography

    • TAR 2004 pps. 68-71, no. 88 bibliographic details
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • 2004T187 (Treasure number)
Figure 2 - Technical Research Bulletin 2012, Image showing fragments after cleaning but before reconstruction.

Figure 2 - Technical Research Bulletin 2012, Image showing fragments after cleaning but before reconstruction.

Image description



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Object reference number: MCS27119

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