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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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Karasu (Ravens)

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • Karasu (Ravens)
  • Description

    Photobook. First edition. Text in English and Japanese.

  • Producer name

  • Date

    • 1986
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 26.4 centimetres (covers)
    • Width: 26.5 centimetres (covers)
  • Curator's comments

    In Japan ravens are regarded as omens of impending bad luck and Fukase's images are full of a sense of gloom. “Fukase is certainly not a tramp, but there was sufficient potential for him to become one. He did not, simply because of the 'photographer' dwelling in his soul would not allow him to abscond. 'Ravens' can be deemed as the height of Fukase's work; it can also be said to have reached the greatest depth. The solitude revealed in this work is sometimes so painful that we can not help averting our eyes upon glancing at it”. (Postscript). The blind-stamped black cloth shows the outline of a raven. Rare. Only one copy in OCLC. (Titus Boeder, 4/07)


  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • PB.34 (Photobook number)

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Object reference number: JCF16152

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