Round flat cap with brim, knitted wool, felted on the underneath of the brim, the remains of a silk facing or lining. Stained dark brown from bog acids.
Round flat cap with narrow 30mm continuous brim with no splits, knitted in wool with fine stitches (around 9-10 stitches per inch), fulled and felted to raise a fine velvety nap, mostly worn off and remining in hidden sections. Undeneath brim has two lines of dark brown silk back stitches remining, 1.5-2mm long, holding down a tabby weave silk fabric lining coming from inside the cap.Large shreds of the silk survive around the brim and in the inside where the brim meets the main body of the cap. Line 1: 6-7mm from outside edge. Line 2: just inside turning of brim. The brim is knitted in one with the cap with changes in knit direction to shape the underneath and top sections. No lining survives inside the main body of the cap. Small repairs of split sections probably done when excavated. Small areas of particulate have gathered inside the turning of the brim. Silk remains have grease or wax spots on them, fletting the stitching in places, which seems to be original.
- Diameter: 25 centimetres
This is a unique cap. The stitched down silk textile lining, which survives in relatively large amounts with stitches nearly complete, does not appear in any other known examples of London excavated textiles.
Note by Hilary Davidson, Museum of London.
23 September 2011
Reason for treatment
Prepare for photography. Surface clean. Check old repairs - replace/improve if necessary. Make internal support mount for photography and storage.
The cap was damaged by the action of moths (given the nature of the damage and the presence of some moth casings in the interior of the cap, although this does not appear to be a recent infestation). This damage was mitigated in the past with the application of stitched repairs in a unmatched cotton thread particularly noticeable in the inteior of the cap, although still serving their structural function. It was decided that it would be in the best interest of the cap to leave these repairs untouched as substituting them would possibly cause more damage and the possible improvement would not be significant.There was loose dirt on the surface, accompanied by moth residues and some evidence of wear given by the presence of some greasy deposits particularly visible on the fragmentary remains of the a silk lining in and around the brim of the cap.The overall condition of the cap is good although some support is needed and special attention payed to the fragmentary silk lining.
The cap's interior was first vacuumed using a low-suction vacuum cleaner,with a protective net filter, and a soft brush to remove loose dirt. Any larger dirt particles and moth remains that could not be vacuumed were removed using fine point tweezers. The cap was then fitted for a two part mount consisting of a circular pad of polyester wadding encased in dyed silk habutan. This pad is inserted underneath the brim of the cap to support it and can be easiliy removed to allow access to the interior as can the second pad, that fits in the center of the cap and is made of the same materials, only with a reinforcement of a polyfelt layer to increase the stability of the object if it is required to lay top side up.Vacuuming of the exterior followed as appropriate packaging for travel and storage in a acid free cardboard box padded with acid free tissue.Instructions on how to remove and reinsert the support were included inside the box.Treatment carried out by UCL intern Ana Ferreira under the supervision of Monique Pullan.
Prehistory and Europe
- 1883,0214.1 (?)
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Object reference number: MCN14108
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