Collection online


  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Limestone votive stela; decoration in low flat relief; in pediment is a 12 petalled rosette in a disk; 4 line neo-Punic inscription; symbol of the goddess Tanit is flanked by caducei; above them are astral symbols.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 2ndC BC-1stC BC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 30.5 inches
    • Width: 15.5 inches
    • Height: 80 centimetres
    • Width: 38 centimetres
    • Weight: 48 kilograms
    • Depth: 9 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Comment

        Dedication to Baal by Gaius Julius Arish, son of Adon-Baal.
  • Curator's comments

    "Treasures of the World's Cultures: The British Museum after 250 Years" catalogue entry

    Stela with dedication to Baal
    North Africa (modern Tunisia), Neo-Punic, 2nd-1st century BC
    From Carthage
    H75, W38 cm
    ANE 125117

    C Mendleson, Catalogue of the Punic Stelae in the British Museum. Occasional Paper 98. (London, The British Museum, 2003), p. 37
    J N Tubb, Canaanites (London, The British Museum Press, 1998), p. 140, fig. 98

    This stela, dedicated by Gaius Julius Arish, son of Adon-Baal, comes from a religious precinct known as the tophet at Carthage. In this enclosure such grave markers were set up over burial urns containing the cremated bodies of babies, small children and animals, which had been placed in the protection of the goddess Tanit and her consort Baal Hammon. The Punic (Carthaginian) script is almost identical to that of Canaanite inscriptions from the Levant. Despite the classical influence seen in the caduceii (curled snakes), the symbolism is Canaanite, with two representations of the goddess Tanit. The upper one is composed of a sun disc, a crescent moon and triangle. Below is an anthropomorphized (human-shaped) version of the goddess.


  • Bibliography

    • Mendelson C 1999 NPu2 bibliographic details
    • Tubb 1998a p.140, fig.98 bibliographic details
    • Treasures 2009 p.29 bibliographic details
    • Mendleson C 1995a pp.260-63, fig.9 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history


    2014 - 2015 27 Nov - 10 May, Leiden, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, 'Carthage'
    2009 11 Dec-2010 10 May, Madrid, Canal de Isabel II, Treasures of the World’s Cultures
    2009 1 May-20 Sep, Victoria, Royal BC Museum, Treasures of the World's Cultures
    2007 14 Sep-2 Dec, Hong Kong Museum of Art, Treasures of the World's Cultures
    2007 3 Feb-27 May, Taipei, National Palace Museum, Treasures of the World's Cultures
    2006 18 Mar-4 Jun, Beijing, Capital Museum, Treasures of the World's Cultures
    2005 27 Oct-2006 31 Jan, Haengso Museum, Keimyung University, Daegu, Treasures of the World's Cultures
    2005 25 Jul-8 Oct, Busan Museum, Treasures of the World's Cultures
    2005 11 Apr-10 Jul, Seoul Arts Centre, Treasures of the World's Cultures
    2004 26 Jun-29 Aug, Niigata Bandaijima Art Museum, Treasures of the World's Cultures
    2004 10 Apr-13 Jun, Fukuoka Art Museum, Treasures of the World's Cultures
    2004 17 Jan-28 Mar, Kobe City Museum, Treasures of the World's Cultures
    2003 18 Oct-14 Dec, Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, Treasures of the World's Cultures

  • Condition

    Base of object has been filled to create a flat surface; numerous small scratches and chips to surfaces (noted 18/12/06).

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Middle East

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • 116 (exhibition number)
    • 504 (exhibition number)


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Object reference number: WCO25004

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