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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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The Balawat Gates

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (series)

    • The Balawat Gates
  • Description

    Bronze band from the Balawat Gates of Shalmaneser III; from right door-leaf; embossed scene of a campaign in Syria showing the capture of cities in Hamath.

  • Authority

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 858BC-824BC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Comment

        Grayson 1996: A.0.102.82
  • Location


  • Condition


  • Subjects

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Middle East

  • BM/Big number


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • Band XIII (M)
Bronze band from the Balawat Gates; embossed scene of Shalmaneser III's campaign in Syria, 849BC.

Detail: Other

Bronze band from the Balawat Gates; embossed scene of Shalmaneser III's campaign in Syria, 849BC.

Image description



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Object reference number: WCO78965

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