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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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painting / handscroll

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Handscroll. Painting. Landscape. Ink and colour on paper.

  • Producer name

  • Date

    • 1985-1989
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 30.3 centimetres (image)
    • Height: 31.3 centimetres (scroll)
    • Length: 248.5 centimetres (image)
    • Length: 690 centimetres (scroll)
    • Weight: 0.35 kilograms
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Content

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Content

  • Exhibition history


    2009 1 May-20 Sep, Victoria, Royal BC Museum, Treasures of the World's Cultures
    2009 11 Dec-2010 10 May, Madrid, Canal de Isabel II, Treasures of the World's Cultures

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    12 March 2008

    Reason for treatment


    Treatment proposal

    Applying paper reinforcement strips; replace silk braid and jade toggle.


    Generally in a good condition. Some creases along the painting and borders joints. Braid and toggle were Japanese style.

    Treatment details

    Applied paper reinforcement stpris; replace the previous silk braid and toggle with Chinese style silk braid and jade toggle for handscrolls.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • Ch.Ptg.Add.530 (Chinese Painting Additional Number)

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Object reference number: RFC3136

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