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railing pillar

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Part of a small railing pillar carved in limestone ('Palnad marble'):
    -on the remaining inner side with lotus medallions and a narrative scene of a martial procession in the upper fluted area, possibly the departure of Siddharta from his fathers' palace; only a fragment of the lower fluted area remains. Inscribed
    -The outer face is missing.


  • Date

    • 2ndC
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 270 centimetres
    • Width: 80 centimetres
    • Thickness: 19 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        in the plain panel at the top of the slab.
      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Transliteration

        "Lonavalavakasa, Saghirakhitasa-cha, Bhariyayo Saghaya-cha, Saghs-dasiyacha, Kamudaya-cha, danam" [Cunningham 1873, 262, xii].
      • Inscription Translation

        1. "Gift of Lonavalavaka, and Sanghirakshita, and Mariti, and of their wives Sangha, and Sanghadasi, and Kumadri" [Cunningham 1873, 262, xiii].
        2. "Gift of Sagha (Samgha), Saghadasi (Samghadasi), and Kumala, the wives of Lonavalavaka, Sagharakhita (Samgharakshita), and Mariti" [Luders no 1218].
  • Curator's comments

    Alexander Cunningham, 'Appendix E (in James Ferguson's Tree and Serpent Worship - inscriptions taken from the sculpted reliefs at Amaravati)' London 1873, XCV, fig. xiii.
    Setagaya 1990, 138.
    OdetteViennot, Le makara dans la decoration des monuments de l'Inde ancienne. Positions et fonctions (fin). 'Arts Asiatiques' 1958, V 4 p.276, fig.32.


  • Bibliography

    • NHK 1991 (43) bibliographic details
    • Luders 1912 1218 (inscription) bibliographic details
    • Knox 1992 15 bibliographic details
    • Ashton 1950 30, pl 68 bibliographic details
    • Tripe 1859 32 b&c bibliographic details
    • Barrett 1954 33 bibliographic details
    • Burgess 1887 38, fig.8 bibliographic details
    • Fergusson 1873 XCIX, 13 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history


    1990 20 Oct-9 Dec, Japan, Tokyo, Setagaya Art Museum, Treasures of the British Museum, cat. no.131
    1991 5 Jan-20 Feb, Japan, Yamaguchi, Prefectural Museum of Art, Treasures of the British Museum, cat. no.131
    1991 9 Mar-7 May, Japan, Osaka, National Museum of Art, Treasures of the British Museum, cat. no.131

  • Subjects

  • Associated places

    • Used at: Amaravati
    • (Asia,South Asia,India,Deccan,Andhra Pradesh,Guntur District,Amaravati)
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Acquired as the result of the abolition in 1879 of the India Museum (Exhibition Road, London) and the partition of its contents between the British Museum and The South Kensington Museum (Victoria and Albert Museum).

  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • Elliot no 100
    • IM 1876 no 84
Amaravati railiing pillar, 1880.7-9.37 (Knox 15)

Amaravati railiing pillar, 1880.7-9.37 (Knox 15)

Image description



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Object reference number: RRI1186

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