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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Figure (dancer). Demon (yaksha) with mask from the Ramayana epic tale. Made of carved, lacquered, glass-inlaid and polychrome painted wood. The excess cloth extensions of his longyi (skirt-cloth) is made of glass-inlaid, gilded and lacquered metal pieces. The head is a separate piece of wood that has been attached to the body.


  • Date

    • 1890s (? there is a painted date on the side of the left leg)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 52 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Although this image derives from the Thai tradition, it is clearly Burmese because of the pattern on his longyi (skirt-cloth) is a popular 19th century textile pattern. Thai artistic ideas become prevalent in Burma from the late 18th century after Thai artists were relocated to the Burmese heartland after the sack of the Thai capital, Ayutthaya in 1767.


  • Condition

    Good. Some repainting on the lower half of the back of the image.

  • Subjects

  • Associated titles

    • Associated Title: Ramayana
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


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Object reference number: RRI10969

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