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bottle

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1920,0326.1

  • Description

    Bottle (incomplete). Lobed rim. Decorated with floral and vegetal motifs, seated human figures and prowling animals. Inscription in ring around the center of the bottle.

    Fritware (stonepaste); painted in lustre.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1179-1180
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        around center of bottle
      • Inscription Translation

        'Oh Heavenly sphere, why do you set affliction before me?
        Oh fortune, why do you scatter salt on my wounds?
        Oh Enemy of mine, how often will you strike at me?
        I am stuck by my own fate and fortune.
        May joy, exultation and cheerfulness be with you.
        May prosperity, happiness and triumph be your companions.'
      • Inscription Comment

        Translation by O. Watson
  • Curator's comments

    Fragmentary fritware pot painted in lustre with seated figures and prowling animals.
    The poetic inscription round the body is followed by the date Muharram 575
    AH/June 1179 AD

    The date makes this the earliest dated lustreware known, It was probably produced within a few years of the start of lustre production at Kashan, Iran.

    The inscription may be translated:

    'Oh Heavenly sphere, why do you set affliction before me?
    Oh fortune, why do you scatter salt on my wounds?
    Oh Enemy of mine, how often will you strike at me?
    I am stuck by my own fate and fortune.
    May joy, exultation and cheerfulness be with you.
    May prosperity, happiness and triumph be your companions.'

    (Translation: O. Watson)

    Further reading:
    T. Pradell, J. Molera, A.D. Smith, and M.S. Tite, "Early Islamic Lustre from Egypt, Syria and Iran (10th to 13th Century AD)." Journal of Archaeological Science 35, no. 9 (2008): 2649-662.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Hobson 1932b fig.25 bibliographic details
    • Watson 1985 fig.37 (listed as 1920,0226.1) bibliographic details
    • Lane 1947 fig.52.B bibliographic details
    • Pope 1938 pl.626.B bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G34/dc15

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1920

  • Department

    Middle East

  • Registration number

    1920,0326.1

Bottle (incomplete). Lobed rim. Decorated with floral and vegetal motifs, seated human figures and prowling animals. Inscription in ring around the center of the bottle.<br/><br/>Fritware (stonepaste); painted in lustre.

Bottle (incomplete). Lobed rim. Decorated with floral and vegetal motifs, seated human figures and prowling animals. Inscription in ring around the center of the bottle.

Fritware (stonepaste); painted in lustre.

Image description

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Object reference number: RRM11962

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