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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Mount (dagger sheath). Inscription. Made of nielloed silver.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 11thC-12thC (circa)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 1.2 inches
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

  • Location


  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    2 March 2004

    Treatment proposal

    Light clean. check and secure broken area on one.


    Tarnished. Lead solder damage to silver. Fragile.

    Treatment details

    Cleaned with 30% formic acid on cotton-wool swabs washed of with tap water.Repaired using HMG adhesive (cellulose nitrate) reinforced using fibreglass tissue.Cleaned using Silvo (cotton wadding, white spirit, Newburgh chalk, china clay) and degreased with acetone.Some black tarnish left on the inside. Renumbered with Magic Colour ink and brush.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department

    Middle East

  • Registration number


COMPASS Title: Objects from the Nihavand find


COMPASS Title: Objects from the Nihavand find

Image description



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Object reference number: RRM12829

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