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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Pencil drawing on paper of bearded male figure wearing a cape, perhaps based on a Goan (Goanese) Catholic priest; the background decorated with stencil-type design. Signed and dated.

  • Producer name

  • Date

    • 1956
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 27 centimetres
    • Width: 21 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Content

        Souza 1956
      • Inscription Comment

        Top right, in pencil
  • Curator's comments

    This drawing is related to the oil painting already in OA by Souza (1993. 10-15. 01) which shows a bearded male figure apparently based on the Indus Valley 'Priest King'. In the catalogue 'Images of Christ' (Northampton. 1993), the Souza entry the editor says 'He has always acknowledged the importance of the Roman Catholic Church to his art: "not its dogmas, but its grand architecture and the splendour of its services ... the richly embroidered vestments ... the gold and bright colours of the wooden saints ... the smell of incense ... and the enormous crucifix with the impaled image of a Man supposed to be the son of God, scourged and dripping, with matted hair tangled in plaited thorns." Compare with 1993,1015,0.1


  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Purchased by the seller from a West Country (Plymouth) source.

  • Department


  • Registration number


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Object reference number: RFI3445

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