textile / 紡織品
This is a triangular black twill damask with a diamond pattern, repeated 0.5 cm both in the warp and the weft direction, which has been embroidered in satin stitch. It is clear that the embroidery was designed for specific use as the motifs form a band. The main motifs of half-florets are properly finished and follow the original folding. They are arranged alternately along the sides of the band, those on one side being edged with a 0.1 cm wide paper strip covered with gold leaf. Those on the opposite side are treated similarly, but with silver instead of gold leaf on the paper strips. The gold strips are couched with red thread. There are similar examples found in Cave 17 and now in the V&A collection (LOAN:STEIN.524 and 600). They probably once formed part of a banner head.
Warp: silk, S twisted, single, dark blue, 42 ends/cm; Weft: silk, S twisted, single, dark blue, 36 lats/cm. Weave structure: 2/2 diamond patterned twill damask.
Threads: silk, untwisted; Colour: red, light red, pale red, blue, light blue, green and light green etc. gold strip and silver strip.
Stitch: satin stitch, couching stitch.這件殘片以深黑色暗花綾作繡地，菱格紋樣，圖案經向循環爲0.5cm，緯向爲0.5cm，織物表面特別光滑。其上以彩色絲線以平針繡出花卉紋樣，並釘縫片金線及片銀線勾邊，其中片金線以紅色絲線釘縫，片銀線以白色絲線釘縫，但銀箔已被氧化成黑色。
- Excavated/Findspot: Qian Fo Dong, Ch.00347 (from Cave 17 at Ch’ien Fo Tung (pinyin: Qian Fo Dong))
- (Asia,China,Gansu (province),Dunhuang,Qian Fo Dong (Caves of the Thousand Buddhas))
- Excavated/Findspot: 千佛洞
- Length: 14 centimetres
- Width: 6.3 centimetres
30 May 2004
Prepare for digital photography. Clean and humidify as necessary and if possible. Secure those which are fragmentary and splitting. Improve storage mounts - melinex sleeves or pressure mounts
The textile was in generally sound condition. However there was a risk of damage through inadequate storage - kept loose in open non-archival paper folders.
Melinex sleeves.The textile was rehoused in Melinex (polyester film) sleeve mount, which provided adequate support to the textile whilst allowing study and handling access. An inner Melinex folder was hand cut from two pieces of 100 micron Melinex of the same size, the corners rounded, and sealed along one edge with the polyester welding machine. This was labelled with the object's registration number. The textile fragment was laid inside this folder. In turn this folder was itself inserted inside a standard pre-made commercial Melinex sleeve (2 sides open). In order to maximise storage space, each of these pre-made sleeves had been subdivided into half or quarters using the polyester welding machine, so that each sleeve could house up to 4 textile fragments.
The 1917-11-28 group (with MAS numbering) refers to objects from Stein's Second Central Asian Expedition, 1906-08. As the expedition was financed 3/ 5 by the Government of India and 2/5 by the British Museum, it was agreed that the finds from the expedition should be allocated in these proportions. All the finds were shipped to London for sorting, research and publication, and subsequent distribution. The distribution of the finds between London and India was determined by specialists, appointed by the Government of India (through the India Office, London) and the British Museum, who drew up lists of the objects for approval by both sides. The specialists included: Raphael Petrucci, under supervision of Dr E Denison Ross (nominated by India Office) and Lawrence Binyon (British Museum) on paintings; Dr F W Thomas, Dr E Denison Ross (both nominated by India Office) and Dr L D Barnett (British Museum) on manuscripts and written documents; Dr E Denison Ross (nominated by India Office) and Lawrence Binyon (British Museum) on archaeological/other finds. Although the lists were drawn up and approved in 1915, the Government of India asked the British Museum to look after the entire collection during the First World War, and those allocated to India were eventually shipped in 1919.
- Ch.00347 (Stein no.)
Fragment of silk textile embroidered with half-flowers on a glazed black damask with a fine diaper of concentric lozenges. The edges of the flowers are made of paper strips covered with gold and silver leaf, couched with pink and white threads.
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Object reference number: RRC7199
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