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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Figure (Tīrthaṁkara head). Made of sandstone.

  • Date

    • 4thC(early)
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Bibliography

    • Koezuka (1994) Cat. no. 17 bibliographic details
  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    18 November 1993

    Treatment proposal

    Clean, Mount.


    Surface dirt and some decorators paint on surface. Requires mount, from existing hole.

    Treatment details

    Dry cleaned using Wishab sponge (vulcanized latex,filler). Removed dirt and sponge residues with a soft brush and vacuum cleaner.Surface further cleaned with distilled water, Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone) 1:1 applied with swabs of cotton wool. Existing hole enlarged and stainless steel dowel inserted with Sebralit resin (polyester). Dowel was waxed with Renaissance wax (cosmolloid 80H-microcrystalline wax,BASF hard wax "A"-polyethylene wax,white spirit) to ease removal of dowel should this be necessary. Area around the hole was filled with stone dust and 20% Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) in Acetone /Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol) 1/1.

    About these records 

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Figure (Tirtha?kara head). Made of sandstone.

Figure (Tirtha?kara head). Made of sandstone.

Image description



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Object reference number: RRI5758

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