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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Tutelary couple turned towards each other and sharing a seat. The god wears a cloak with clasp, and a tunic ending in a pleated skirt and boots (the uppers are not clear and the right ankle has a narrow band). The hair is in bands of curls, perhaps radiating from a lost chignon, and forms corkscrew points on the forehead from under a fillet; the long earrings have two or more stones. Part of one hand survives holding a double-handled drinking vessel resembling a 'kantharos', originally perhaps held in both hands. One leg with heel raised lies at a slant and both feet rest on the treasure pouring out as water from the pots below.
    The goddess sits on the same level but the drapery on her left seems to rest on a higher surface; she wears a high-girt tunic and, from the left shoulder and very loosely, a long draped overgarment. The tunic, with its knotted fastening, slips from her right shoulder onto her upper arm. Her bare feet rest on the pot beneath her and on the water or treasure pouring from it. She has earrings like her consort's, a collar and bracelets. Her curled hairstyle resembles his but is knotted in the centre against a pointed tiara in front of a wreath; behind it rises a polos widening upwards and with a sawtooth band under a flat top. What may be a floral ornament or chignon on the side joins her head to a curving cornucopia, held in her left hand; its body has a vine-leaf enrichment, a horned animal head at the bottom and abundant fruit at the top. She stretches out a long-fingered right hand to rest just above her consort's lap and both arms have double bracelets.
    Both sit on a throne with chair back, shouldered beside the goddess and with a turned leg below the god; they have almost identical sharp faces, staring open eyes, pointed and jutting chins and the lips appear parted. Between them a bearded old man with flowing chignon and a cloak tied to his back leans over the top of the seat, offering the god a small bag. A child with a short sleeveless cloak and anklets raises his head and reaches out for the goddess's right leg. On their right a dwarfish naked figure, with fangs pointing upward and clasping a pot, looks pathetically up; if the circular projection on his matted hair is the bottom of a spear or staff, there is no further evidence for it higher up the piece. The corresponding figure opposite is lost, save for an arm.


  • School/style

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 2ndC-3rdC
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 27 centimetres
    • Width: 24.7 centimetres
    • Diameter: 10.3 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    Zwalf 1999:
    See 99 for another type of couple drinking.

  • Bibliography

    • Zwalf 1996 98 bibliographic details
    • Koezuka (1994) Cat. no. 66 bibliographic details
    • Tokyo National Museum 2003a p.140, cat 139 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history


    1994, Kyoto National Museum, Masterpieces of Buddhist and Hindu Sculpture from the British Museum
    1994, Tokyo, Tobu Museum of Art, Masterpieces of Buddhist and Hindu Sculpture from the British Museum
    2003, 5 Aug-5 Oct, Tokyo National Museum, "Alexander the Great: East-West Cultural Contacts from Greece to Japan"
    2003, 18 Oct-21 Dec, Kobe, Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art, "Alexander the Great: East-West Cultural Contacts from Greece to Japan"
    2012 - , April -, London, BM, G68, Coins and Medals permanent gallery

  • Condition

    1.Grey schist, broken and exfoliated. 2.Bottom flat with large rectangular tenon; sides worked. 3.Back with horizontal chisel grooves, roughly rebated at sides and ending in a flat shelf below projecting heads which are flat behind. 4.Mason's mark below god's left foot.

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


A panel in high relief bearing the figures of Hariti and.Pancika, the so-called Tutelary couple.

A panel in high relief bearing the figures of Hariti and.Pancika, the so-called Tutelary couple.

Image description



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Object reference number: RRI9184

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