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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Stamp (vessel): mikyala of shelled vetch. Two line inscription. Made of olive-green glass. Incomplete; about a third broken off at bottom and left.

  • Culture/period

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Width: 2.8 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Translation

        (1) Measure
        (2) of skinned vetch.
      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Comment

  • Curator's comments

    From the same die: Petrie, W.M.F. 1926. ‘Glass stamps and weights’. London, 223; Launois, Aimée. 1957. Estampilles et poids faibles en verre Omeyyades et Abbasides au Musée Arabe du Caire, ‘Mélanges islamologiques’ III, 305; Balog, P. 1976. ‘Ummayad, ʿAbbasid and Ṭūlūnid glass weights and vessel-stamps’. New York, 851-2. Cf. Casanova, P. 1893. Catalogue des pièces de verre des époques byzantine et arabe de la collection Fouquet. ‘Mémoires publicées par les membres de la Mission Archéologique Francaise au Caire’ VI. Paris, 72, 72 bis; Miles, G.C. 1963. ‘Contributions to Arabic metrology’ II (II. Peter Ruthven collection). New York, 49; Balog 1976, 850.
    There is another impression of the same die paired with executive stamp of al-Muhājir in the Balog collection (Balog 1976, 549). The commodity stamp belongs to the group of stamps which it has been suggested are associated on stylistic grounds and can therefore be taken to belong to a single set of stamps in use at one time. Balog's rim with the stamp of al-Muhājir is the only such illustrated piece with a 'long-kāf' commodity stamp and therefore valuable evidence for the date when the series was in use.

    Balog, P. 1976. ‘Ummayad, ʿAbbasid and Ṭūlūnid glass weights and vessel-stamps’. New York.


  • Bibliography

    • Morton 1985 486 bibliographic details
  • Condition

    Incomplete; about a third broken off at bottom and left.

  • Subjects

  • Department

    Middle East

  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • U9

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Object reference number: RRM1532

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