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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Stamp (vessel): mikyala. Measure of milk. Two line inscription. Made of green glass. Incomplete; about a quarter broken off at right.

  • Culture/period

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Width: 3.7 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Translation

        (1) Measure
        (2) of milk.
      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Comment

  • Curator's comments

    This is the first stamp for milk to be published. The name of the substance is very clear and although measures for it cannot have been among the most common, milk fits well into the pattern of generally used commodities found on the stamps. It is unusual among them only in being rapidly perishable.

  • Bibliography

    • Morton 1985 499 bibliographic details
  • Condition

    Incomplete; about a quarter broken off at right.

  • Subjects

  • Department

    Middle East

  • Registration number


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Object reference number: RRM1547

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