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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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model building/structure

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Watch-tower. Made of earthenware with drgarded green lead glaze.. Model represents a wooden structure with tiled roofs.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 25-220
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 86 centimetres
    • Width: 36 centimetres
    • Depth: 36 centimetres
    • Weight: 16.4 kilograms
  • Bibliography

    • Vainker 1991 p.42; fig.28 bibliographic details
  • Exhibition history


    2009 1 May-20 Sep, Victoria, Royal BC Museum, Treasures of the World's Cultures
    2009 11 Dec-2010 10 May, Madrid, Canal de Isabel II, Treasures of the World's Cultures

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    14 February 2009

    Reason for treatment


    Treatment proposal

    Consolidate previous join to head of figure. Check surface consolidate if required.


    Surface dirt/dust. Possible surface delamination

    Treatment details

    Upon closer inspection the surface that was delaminating and flaking was soil that has been applied post-excavation and therefore did not require consolidation. The previous join around the neck of the figure was consolidated with 10% Paraloid B72 (ethyl methacrylate copolymer) in acetone applied with a micropipette. Loose dirt and fluff was removed from all surfaces using a soft brush and a conservation vacuum cleaner.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Department


  • Registration number


Watch-tower. Made of ceramic, earthenware.

Watch-tower. Made of ceramic, earthenware.

Image description



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Object reference number: RRC8513

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