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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Painting. Religious. Acala, inscription on verso of Buddhist creed.

  • Culture/period

  • Findspot

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 20.4 centimetres
    • Width: 16.5 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    10 August 1995

    Treatment proposal

    Clean, repair, inlay, mount.


    Dirt on verso,creases and weak edges.

    Treatment details

    Dry cleaned verso with eraser and draft clean powder. Repair verso tears bottom left and pin holes top left, right and bottom centre with toned mino 2.5 adhered with cellofas. Lightly spray relaxed and placed between blottin paper under a board with weights. Inlaid using Japanese strip method. Mounted in royal acid free board by MT3.

    About these records 

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Object reference number: RFI151

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