What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Collection online

Additional options
Production date to

Or search by

Searching...

sculpture

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1880.3540

  • Description

    Lower part of an image-surround (parikarma) carved in a beige-coloured sandstone. The piece has two standing female figures placed against a pilaster with a sharply-moulded capital. Part of the garland that surrounded the original image (probably a goddess) is preserved on one side.

  • Date

    • 10thC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 53.5 centimetres
    • Length: 14.5 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    IM painted on the object confirms this is a genuine India Museum transfer.

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    4 March 1996

    Treatment proposal

    D Dry clean. Consolidate where necessary. Re-touch any small defects.

    Condition

    The stone, a fine grained, light buff sandstone, is in good condition. There are a few chipped surfaces and both of the figures have damaged noses. The blackening of the stone is partly due to pollution (the back and sides of the fragment) but is an applied colour on the front surfaces. It is similar to the black application found on the fragments 1880.449.a-c (PRN: VRA20567). It is finely particulate and might be grate blacking. It appears to be soluble in 2 ethoxy-ethanol, and then water.

    Treatment details

    The dust on the fragment was vacuumed away, and the stone was cleaned with Wishab sponges and Groomstick. Small areas of cream and white paint were removed with acetone. The various lacunae were retouched with Cryla acrylic colours (removable with acetone). The remains of a white painted cross on the flat stone surface above the figures was extensively retouched with the acrylic paints. Further treatment carried out in February 96 was as follows:-Poultices of laponite with acetone were applied over Japanese tissue to the worst of the blackened areas. The two figures and the ornament on the carved areas surrounding the figures,these were cleaned off with de-ionised water. The worst areas were then cleaned again with acetone in de-ionised water. All obvious abrasions and remaining obtrusive discoloration were retouched with acrylic paints. A base of Sebralit, [a thixotropic polyester resin], and sand, was built onto the broken bottom of the image frame, enabling the fragment to be stood upright. A hole, extending through the depth of the resin and sand base, was left in case it becomes necessary to sleeve and dowel the sculpture to a stone base for exhibition purposes. The base was smothed and any lacuae filled with small amounts of Polyfilla and pigment. An acid-free piece of card was then attached to the base, [this allows the sculpture to be slid over a shelf] and the whole was retouched with Cryla acrylic colours.

    About these records 

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1880

  • Department

    Asia

  • Registration number

    1880.3540

  • Additional IDs

    • IM

There is no image of this object, or there may be copyright restrictions

Image service:

Request new photography

Recommend


Feedback

If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: RRI11985

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 

Supporters

Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help  

Loading...