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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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seal / intaglio

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Oval, cabochon cut almandine garnet intaglio showing a bird standing on a pedestal, facing to the front, with wings displayed; flanked on either side by a long-legged bird with a long, curved neck and large beak resembling a pelican or perhaps a stork.

  • Date

    • 1stC-3rdC (circa)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 8.5 millimetres
    • Width: 9 millimetres
    • Thickness: 3 millimetres
  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Probably purchased by Masson in Kabul bazaar, 1833-8.

  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • IM.Gems.55 (British Museum no.: India Museum collection)
Oval sard intaglio engraved with three birds; two facing in and one rising above with wings displayed.

Oval sard intaglio engraved with three birds; two facing in and one rising above with wings displayed.

Image description



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Object reference number: RRI12190

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