Collection online


  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Drum-slab (two-sided), carved in pale limestone.

    1. Back: Relief of the Bodhi tree and an empty dias with Buddhapada on the step, flying celestials above and kneeling worshippers on each side. 2. Front: Relief depicting a stūpa with a figure of the Buddha standing at the entrance; about the dome of the stūpa flying celestials, some playing instruments. On the dome are relief panels depicting the Gift of Sujātā, the Conversion of Nanda, the First Sermon, the Great Departure, the Birth of the Buddha and Māyā's Dream.


  • Date

    • 1stC BC (obverse face)
    • 3rdC (reverse face)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 124.37 centimetres
    • Width: 86.25 centimetres
    • Thickness: 12.5 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Script

      • Inscription Position

        top border of the front face (ie the stupa slab)
      • Inscription Language

      • Inscription Translation

  • Curator's comments

    Alexander Cunningham, 'Appendix E (in James Ferguson's Tree and Serpent Worship - inscriptions taken from the sculpted reliefs at Amaravati)' London 1873, XCIX, fig. viii.

  • Bibliography

    • Barrett 1954 15 (back) bibliographic details
    • Rosen 1985 36, pl. 42 & 43 bibliographic details
    • NHK 1991 46 bibliographic details
    • Knox 1992 60 (back) bibliographic details
    • Knox 1992 72 (front) bibliographic details
    • Barrett 1954 98 (front) bibliographic details
    • Fergusson 1873 LXXVIII, 2 (back) (and front (3)) bibliographic details
    • Pemberton 2002 page 15. bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated places

    • Used at: Amaravati
    • (Asia,South Asia,India,Deccan,Andhra Pradesh,Guntur District,Amaravati)
  • Associated events

    • Associated Event: Birth of Buddha (obverse face)
    • Associated Event: Conversion of Nanda (obverse face)
    • Associated Event: Dream of Queen Maya (obverse face)
    • Associated Event: Enlightenment of the Buddha (obverse face)
    • Associated Event: First Sermon of the Buddha (obverse face)
    • Associated Event: Gift of Grain by Sujata (reverse face)
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    From the Mackenzie Collection. Acquired as the result of the abolition in 1879 of the India Museum (Exhibition Road, London) and the partition of its contents between the British Museum and The South Kensington Museum (Victoria and Albert Museum).

  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • IM 1876 no 75
Amaravati, two-sided drum-slab (front), 1880.7-9.79 (Knox 72)

Amaravati, two-sided drum-slab (front), 1880.7-9.79 (Knox 72)

Image description



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Object reference number: RRI1228

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