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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • Object type

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  • Description

    Betel-box made of woven and coiled split bamboo, and lacquer. There are two internal trays with evidence, on the outside, of lime. The interiors are all plain cinnabar red. The top and sides of the lid as well as the outside of the drum are decorated in the yun technique, in the pan-bwa pattern using orange, green and black lacquer. A wide gouge has been used. The lid (top and sides) are decorated with dancing figures set against the pan-bwa motif; around the outside of the drum, the figures are replaced with birds. On the base is the remains - now much eroded - of a displaying peacock. The base of the trays are decorated with very crudely graved open blossoms.


  • Date

    • 20thC
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 16 centimetres
    • Height: 14 centimetres
  • Bibliography

    • Isaacs bibliographic details
  • Condition

    Basically good bar a few cracks and chips.

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Bought by Mr. Isaacs from Daw Khin Nan Nwe, Rangoon.

  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • Isaacs 117

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Object reference number: RRI31299

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