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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

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sealing

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1981,0510.2

  • Description

    Sealing; lead; incomplete; obverse, an incomplete cruciform monogram; in two of the four angles some letters; reverse, probably had an inscription now completely obliterated.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 8thC-9thC
  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 25 millimetres (max)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Greek
      • Inscription Position

        obverse angles
      • Inscription Language

        Greek
      • Inscription Content

        CW YW
      • Inscription Transliteration

        SÓ UÓ (?)
  • Condition

    Incomplete.

  • Conservation

    See treatments 

    Treatment date

    17 November 1999

    Reason for treatment

    Storage

    Treatment proposal

    Active lead corrosion spots. Stabilize active areas.

    Condition

    The surface has a concretion-like appearence. Conversion of the lead into corrosion products seems to be very deep, mix of blue, orange, white and greyish colours.

    Treatment details

    Soaked in acetone. Stabilized by local electrolytic reduction using a 5% aqueous sodium hydroxide electrolyte on cotton wool swabs with a graphite anode, for 1h55 hours. Rinsed in gently running tap water for 2 hours. Stabilized by consolidative electrolytic reduction in a 5% aqueous solution of sodium carbonate electrolyte using stainless steel anodes, for 124 hours (20 to 30 mA). Manual cleaning using a scalpel. Deposit from reduction removed by brushing in running tap water with a stiff hog hair brush. The reduced lead was rinsed in tap water for 18 hours then neutralised in dilute sulphuric acid and finally washed in gently running tap water for 6h45 hours, and then soaked in THREE 20 minutes distilled water bath. It was dried through Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol, methanol)/acetone solution and then acetone alone. Consolidated by immersion in Paraloid PB72 5% in acetone, and a coating of Paraloid PB72 10% in acetone applied with sable brush.

    About these records 

  • Subjects

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number

    1981,0510.2

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Object reference number: MCB2804

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