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Byzantine lead seal; circular; impressed with (now incomplete) cruciform monogram on one side, four-line Greek inscription on the other.
- Diameter: 31 millimetres (max)
Inscription TransliterationTHEOTOKE BOÉTHEI
Inscription Positionobverse angles
Inscription TransliterationTÓ DU BÓ
Inscription TransliterationMARIANÓ KUBIKOV LARIÓ (?)
Note in register: the cruciform monogram with these letters in the four angles was at its most popular in this period; seals with this type of monogram decreased in the 2nd half of the 9thC, but survived until the 10thC.
12 May 2000
Reason for treatment
Active corrosion spots stabilise and check others. topher
Active white lead corrosion in large spots; surface a dark buff colour of soil and corrosion layers obscuring any legend.
Washed in Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol) Stabilized by consolidative electrolytic reduction in a 5% aqueous solution of sodium carbonate electrolyte using stainless steel anodes, for 40 hours. The reduced lead was rinsed in tap water then neutralised in dilute sulphuric acid and finally washed in gently running tap water for 4 hours, until the pH of the water remained unchanged. It was dried through Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol, methanol) and gently brushed with a soft glass bristle brush to enhance the legends. Consolidated using 10% Paraloid B72, ethyl methacrylate copolymer, in acetone, applied using brush.
Britain, Europe and Prehistory
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Object reference number: MCB3860
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