Limestone ostracon: On the recto eighteen lines (the last three on the edge) of a letter by an unknown author, denying the theft of valuable tools and asking for release from forced labour. On the verso two lines of text containing the beginning of a teaching.
- Excavated/Findspot: Deir el-Medina
- (Africa,Egypt,Upper Egypt,Deir el-Medina (Thebes))
- Height: 17.5 centimetres
- Length: 35.5 centimetres
Inscription Translation`The Teaching . . .according to the writings of old'
Inscription CommentPainted. Two lines from the beginning of a teaching.
Inscription Positionrecto and edge
Inscription CommentPainted. Eighteen lines of a letter.
S. Birch, 'Inscriptions in the Hieratic and Demotic Character, from the Collections of the British Museum' (London, 1868), pl. XVIII;
A. Erman, 'Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde' 42 (1903), pp. 102-6;
J. J. Černy and A.H. Gardiner, ‘Hieratic Ostraca’ (Oxford 1957), p. 24 and pl. LXXXVIII;
G. Posener,'Les richesses inconnues', 'Revue d'Égyptologie' 6 (Cairo, 1951), p. 42, no. 54;
A.G. McDowell, 'Jurisdiction in the Workmen's Community of Deir el-Medina' (Leiden, 1990), pp. 237, 240;
E.F. Wente, 'Letters from Ancient Egypt' (Atlanta, 1990), p. 146, no. 196;
B. Mathieu, 'La poésie amoureuse de I'Égypte ancienne','Bibliothèque d’Étude' 115 (Cairo 1996), p. 50 note 134 and p. 89 note 291;
J. Winand, 'Revue d'Égyptologie' 46, p. 196-197.
Good, but edges flaked off.
Ancient Egypt & Sudan
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Object reference number: YCA1282
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